In , he was elected to the U. Congress, but returned to his law practice until , when his concern about the spread of slavery prompted him to return to national politics and run for the U. Lincoln rose to greatness from a humble beginning. Born in in a log cabin in Kentucky, Lincoln spent most of his childhood working on the family farm. He had less than a year of school but managed to educate himself by studying and reading books on his own. He believed that slavery and democracy were fundamentally incompatible.
In an speech, he said: What constitutes the bulwark of our own liberty and independance? It is not our frowning battlements, our bristling sea coats, our army and our navy. Our defense is in the spirit which prized liberty as the heritage of all men, in all lands everywhere.
Destroy this spirit and you have planted the seeds of despotism at your own doors. Familiarize yourself with the chains of bondage and you prepare your own limbs to wear them World Book Encyclopedia.
He lost his campaign for the Senate, but during the debates with his opponent Stephen Douglas, he became well known for his opposition to slavery. The southern states, which believed they depended upon slavery to remain prosperous in the cotton, tobacco, and rice industries, threatened to secede from the nation if Lincoln won the election. Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, , and by April 12, the southern states had formed the Confederate States of America and the Civil War began.
It was during the Civil War that Lincoln proclaimed the slaves free in the Confederate states. This was his famous Emancipation Proclamation, issued in But Lincoln knew that something else had to be done to insure liberty for the slaves after the war.
Lincolns reputation has been acquired through the perpetuation of myth and because Lincoln is so far removed in history. In 5 pages Lincoln's journey toward the presidency that led to his abolishment of slavery is discussed. There are 4 bibliographic In five pages this research paper discusses the differences between the North and South in terms of how it would have covered the In five pages this paper examines Garry Wills' consideration of the Gettysburg Address and discusses how it successfully invigorat However, a personal interruption was now in the middle of his life.
Although the two suffered multiple hardships, Abraham Lincoln and Marry Todd were married November 4, After they produced 4 sons; Todd, Edward, William and Thomas. Edward died at 4 years of age, William died at 11 years of age, and Thomas died in at 18 years old.
In May of he became a candidate for State representative. After being elected the Mexican-American War was ending, and million square miles of new territory was established.
This intensified the issue of slavery, and although the Missouri Compromise was in effect many Southerners yearned to destroy it. Lincoln thought that if slavery was not allowed to spread, it would eventually die. He returned to law practice and was desperately needed at home. In Lincoln realized that the Whig Party no longer had the influence needed to advance in the political system. He became an avid organizer in the Republican Party and declared his opposition to the expansion of slavery.
They set up a series of 7 public debates in order to gain popular support, and were more commonly known as the Lincoln-Douglas debates. Although he thought he was not qualified, in the Republican Party nominated Lincoln for as the candidate for US presidency. The first battle the Union lost was the Battle of Bull Run. The Union continued on, however, and captured Fort Henry and Donelson. At this point they controlled all of Kentucky, and Ulysses S.
Grand was made major general. While the war was advancing, Lincoln began to realize that defeating the Confederate armies was more important than symbolically taking their capital. On July 22 Lincoln drafted and presented his cabinet with the Emancipation Proclamation, which outlawed slavery. Waiting for the right time to announce it, The Battle of Antietam provided the time. This was known as the bloodiest battle in American History, and after that September 17th day Lincoln announce the proclamation to take effect on New Years Day This converted the Civil War into a war of freedom.
At this time the North began to abhor Lincoln and the war, and some even wanted to make peace. The President traveled to Gettysburg, PA, where thousands of soldiers were being buried. His speech was so short it startled his audience, and is now considered on of the greatest speeches in American History. AT this time he appointed Ulysses S. Grant general in chief of all the armies, who devised a plan to defeat the south.
Up until the election of over , troops were dead. Many republicans continued to want peace, and elected George McClellan as a nominee for president. On Election Day November 8 Lincoln won the presidency and celebrated in the white house. That night his friend Ward Lamon U. Sherman devised a plan The Sherman Plan in which the army was to march through Georgia to the sea, destroying everything. On December 22, , he presented Lincoln with the city of Savannah.
The13th amendment was passed in January abolishing slavery. He gave his second inaugural address on March 4, , and acknowledged African American abolitionist Frederick Douglass. On April 26 Sherman received the surrender of J. Johnston, thereby ending the war. The next night Lincoln read a speech and actor John Wilkes Booth swore he would never give another.
After 6 months of plotting and recruiting 6 men had tried to capture Lincoln but were unsuccessful. The period following the Civil War was known as reconstruction.
- President Abraham Lincoln Mini Biography Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He held the Union together during the Civil War and brought about the emancipation of slaves. Before he became president he was a Civil rights Activist, lawyer, and a U.S. Representative (Abraham Lincoln Biography).
Essay on Abraham Lincoln Often hailed as the greatest president of all times, Abraham Lincoln was a strong leader during one of the worst crises in American history. His impact on America helped to abolish slavery and brought the Union back together.
5-Paragraph Essay on Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, was born on February 12, and died at the age of 56 on the 4th day of March Lincoln was the president of the United States for four years from to Apr 27, · This essay was originally published in The Atlantic Monthly as a review of "Abraham Lincoln, a History," by John G. Nicolay and John Hay.
When Abraham Lincoln was elected President in , seven slave states left the Union to form the Confederate States of America, and four more joined when . Essays. He had no pretensions whatsoever. He allowed what he believed and the way he said it to be convincing on the evidence. —Lewis Lehrman. For a general introduction to Lincoln, read the first essay, “Lincoln.”.